当前位置:首页 » 参考资料 » 海外文献
cognitive impairment in thought reform environments
作者:ronald burks   来源:
  a dissertation presented to
  the faculty of the college of education
  ohio university
  
  in partial fulfillment
  of the requirements for the degree
  doctor of philosophy
  by
  ronald burks
  march 4, 2002
  ____________________________________________
  associate professor, department of counseling
  and higher education
  
  
  ____________________________________________
  dean of the college of education
  
  dedication
  this work and all my publications to this point, are dedicated to those to whom the words of a pastor, guru, mentor or spiritual master have become wounds to the soul.
  this work is also dedicated to the memory of louis jolyon west, a true pioneer in thought reform research and an example that those of us who work for human rights must first be humans. our care for those whose lives have been hijacked by another’s selfishness must reflect our humanity. so must our research. researchers in human rights work must be accountable for their bias and subject their work to rigorous examination. the cause of freedom of thought can only be furthered with facts. facts are more valuable than agendas. i hope this work furthers his ideals as well as his hope that no group of people will ever be judged for their beliefs or practices, only held accountable for the effects of those beliefs and practices.
  
  acknowledgements
  this work would not have happened or this ph. d. degree pursued, had it not been for my good fortune to be able to work at wellspring retreat and resource center. its director, dr. paul r. martin, is dedicated to rendering quality care and developing that care through continuous research.
  through this association, i have been privileged to meet several research professionals who have dedicated their careers to the pursuit of human rights through freedom of thought. dr. margaret thaler singer who has labored in this stony field for over 50 years was gracious enough to read the proposal when it was in process. dr. michael langone, director of american family foundation, a research and information resource organization who keeps encouraging researchers on four continents to keep up the good work.
  dr. peter malinowski, whom i met when he was a first-year doctoral student in psychology at ohio university and who has learned a thing or two about research and statistics in the intervening years, read and provided valuable input. dr. malinowski, dr. steve lynn and others developed with us at wellspring what has become known on both sides of the atlantic as the ohio battery, a collection of measures through which the data this study was collected. dr. steven clay, faculty at the ohio university college of osteopathic medicine was read the drafts before they saw the light of day so my glaring errors would be less noticeable. my spouse, vicki made sure my little errors, missing commas, wrong words, weak sentences would be less noticeable.
  and finally, thanks to the faculty of the counseling department, who prepare students to be persons first, counselors second, and mirror that by courageously being who they are. dr. davis, my committee chair, and advisor demonstrates how counselor education is done. dr. jerry olsheski, dr. george johanson, and dr. steven patterson, who has carried on the interest of the department of psychology in this field by graciously agreeing to participate in this endeavor, have all made this a very positive learning experience.
  
  table of contents
  title page error! bookmark not defined.
  approval page error! bookmark not defined.
  dedication iii
  acknowledgements iv
  table of contents v
  chapter i 1
  background of the study 1
  statement of the problem 2
  research hypothesis 2
  significance 2
  limitations 3
  delimitations 4
  definitions of terms 5
  summary 7
  chapter ii - review of the literature 8
  introduction to the literature 8
  critical review of relevant literature 9
  clinical impressions of ex–members 9
  thought reform or“brainwashing”10
  empirical studies of current members 13
  concerns with studies of current members 15
  studies with former members 16
  concerns with studies with former members 20
  trauma and cults 20
  summary and conclusions 21
  strengths and weaknesses of the literature 21
  the proposed research 21
  how the literature supports the need for this study 22
  chapter iii - methodology 23
  the sample 23
  data collection 25
  operational definition of the variables 26
  instrumentation 26
  research hypotheses 29
  design of the study 30
  summary 30
  chapter iv - results 32
  descriptive analyses 32
  pre- and post treatment gpa scores 38
  affective contribution 39
  post hoc analysis 41
  summary 43
  chapter v - discussion of implications, conclusions and recommendations 44
  overview 44
  reason for the study 44
  participant demographics 44
  the hypotheses of the study: discussion and comment 46
  veracity of ex-member recollections 47
  relative contribution of measures of affect 48
  discussion of post hoc findings 50
  limitations of the study 50
  implications for counselors and public policy 51
  suggestions for future research 52
  references 53
  appendixes 59
  appendix a - irb letters 60
  appendix b - consent form used by participants in this study 61
  appendix c - demographic questionnaire 62
  appendix d - the“ohio battery”from which this study was taken 63
  appendix e - boxplot of post hoc study 64
欢迎转载传阅本网站内容,但请注明出处。
Copyright 2002 - 2016 Shanghai Anti-Cult Association, All Rights Reserved
版权归上海市反邪教协会所有
沪ICP备06002932号